Zanjan which is the apital of Zanjan province is located in the northern-west of Iran. Zanjan province has 8 cities and 1210 villages which 978 of them are with inhabitants and the rest are uninhabited. The people of the province speak Azerbaijani Turkish. The province traditionally has been marginalized to the Silk Road as well as the trade route to India and China to Europe and was of particular importance.Tati language is also still spoken in some villages. The people of Zanjan were originally Sunni but in the Safavid period with the support of Safavid dynasty Shiasim was gradually introduced to the people of Zanjan. The population of Zanjan according to the latest census is approximately 500,000 persons.
In the case of the appellation of the city, there have different opinions presented by researchers and writers. The oldest name referring to the area of Zanjan was Andia and then Zendygan (during Sassanians Era) with meaning of “People of the Book of zand”. There are some facts which reflect that the area of Zanjan was uninhabited until the 15th century. It is said that the building of the city’s base was made at the time of Ardashir I the founder of Sassanian Empire and was referred to it as “Shahin” with the meaning of “attributed to the king”. In the ninth and tenth centuries, Zanjan, was settled by the Turkish tribes due to its vast pasture especially in the parts near Soltaniyeh. During the Mongol invasion, the city and its surrounding villages suffered great damage. Then the Ilkhanates showed huge interest for the city especially since the acceptance of Shiasim by “Sultan Muhammad Khodabande” also known as “Oljaitu” who tried to develop the area and turn it into an Islamic center and then in a short time the city of Zanjan become one of the important centers of politics and business.
It is worth mentioning that the historic city of Zanjan was popular in terms of popular resistance against the Arab armies invasion as well. Zanjan was one of the the original and initial residences of human in Iran. The current city of Zanjan was developed in the Safavid era.
The climate of Zanjan and its climatic conditions are very variable in Zanjan. Totally the highlands have a mountainous cold weather and snowy winters and in the summer the weather is cold and dry. The Valley of Ghezel Ozan has a temperate climate with mild winters and summers are relatively warm.
Top Tourist Attraction:
Traditional Bazaar of Zanjan, Rakhtshooy Khaneh Edifice, Doodkesh-e Jen, Temple of Dashkasan, Soltaniyeh (dome), Hosseinieh Azam of Zanjan, El-Dagi, Behestan Castle, Katale Khor Cave, Jameh Mosque and school of Zanjan, Saltmen Museum (Museum of Mardan-e Namaki), Mir Bahaeddin Bridge and etc.The gallery was not found!