Tehran is the capital of Iran and the center of Tehran province. From the north it is neighboring Mazandaran province, from south to Qom province, from south-west to Markazi province, from the west to Alborz province and from the east to Semnan province. It’s approximate population is almost 9,000,000 persons (Tehran province has almost 15,000,000 persons population. Tehran is the 25th most populous city and the 27th biggest city in the world.It is located in the northern and southern slopes of the Alborz mountain range at 112 kilometers south of the Caspian Sea. The city has a dense network of highways and a four-lane Metro.
In the last hundred years, Tehran has attracted a lot of tourists. Tehran’s original inhabitants were speaking Persian tribes, but now this city settles different ethnic groups. But Persian is the common language in Tehran. Tehran is the 32nd city in the history which has been selected as the capital of Iran. The administrative structure of Iran isfocused in Tehran. Tehran is divided into 22 regions and 112 districts (including Ray and Tajrish). The Azadi Tower is the symbol of Tehran alongside Milad Tower which is another symbol of this city.
Tehran hosts nearly half of the country’s industrial activities. There are factories in the field of automobile equipment, electrical and electronics, textiles, sugar, cement and chemicals in Tehran. Tehran is also a large market for carpet and furniture all over the country. In the southern outskirts of Tehran, there is an oil refinery named “Tehran Refinery” . In Tehran and its suburbs, there are many religious, historical sites such as mosques, churches and temples for Zoroastrian.
Tehran was a big village in the beginning which was located between the famous city of Ray and the southern slopes of Alborz mountainous range. The archaeological excavations in Abbasabad Hills have proved that, there were civilized people living in here 5000 BC. In the Sassanid Era, Zoroastrianism became the official religion of Tehran and some fire temples were built in the south and north of this City. “The First Ghasran Fire Temple” is one of them.
In the Past Tehran was one of the villages of Ray and because of its location in the intersection of Qom, Khorasan, Mazandaran, Qazvin, Gilan and Saveh had always been an important political and religious place.
Some researchers have said that “-ran” in “Tehran” means Hillside and “Teh” or “Tah” means the upper village. There are some other ideas that Tehran was “Tehram” originally with the literal meaning of “a hot place”.
Tehran was selected as the capital of Iran by Agha Moḥammad Khan Qajar, the founder of the Qajar dynasty in 1785 and has remained the capital of Iran since then.
The climate of Tehran is influenced by the mountains in the north of Tehran (Breeze of Tochal) and plains in the south. Except the north of Tehran which its weather is affected by the mountain and has somewhat mild and humid climate, other areas of Tehran are relatively warm and dry. It is a bit cold in the winter. The main source of the rainfalls of the city is the Mediterranean and Atlantic moist winds that blow from the West. Alborz mountain range as a barrier prevents the penetration of air masses, thus it has caused the dry weather of Tehran on one hand and on the other hand a relative pleasant weather.
Top Tourists Attractions:
Azadi Tower, Milad Tower, Golestan palace, National Museum of Iran, saad’aabad Complex, Niavarn Complex, Carpet Museum of Iran, Tochal, Mellat Park, Malik National Museum of Iran, Tabi’at Bridge, National Jewlry Museum of Iran, Negarestan park, Museum of fine Arts, Museum of the Qasr Prison and etc.The gallery was not found!