Tabriz is one of the major cities in Iran and the capital of East Azerbaijan province. It is the largest city of the Azeri areas of the country. Tabriz is recognized as the center of business, communication, commercial, political, industrial, cultural and military in the northwestern of Iran. The approximate population of the city is 1,700,000 persons. The majority of Tabriz residents are Azerbaijani and they speak Turkish in Azerbaijani dialect. Situated at an altitude of 1,350 meters at the junction of the Quru River and Aji River, it was the second largest city in Iran until the late 1960s, and residence of the crown princes of Qajar dynasty. Tabriz is located in a valley to the north of the long ridge of the volcanic cone of Sahand, south of the Eynali Mountain. The valley opens out into a plain that slopes gently down to the northern end of Lake Urmia, 60 kilometers to the west. With cold winters and temperate summers the city is considered a summer resort.
According to some sources, the name Tabriz derives from tap-riz, from the many thermal springs in the area and related to volcanic activities of Sahend mountain. Other sources claim that in AD 246, to avenge his brother’s death, king Khosrov I of Armenia defeated Ardashir I of the Sassanid Empire and changed the name of the city from Shahistan to Tauris with the literal meaning of “this revenge”.
The people of nearby villages to Tabriz call the name of the city “Tawri”. In ancient writings the city was called “Tvryz” and still in the Kurdish and Tati languages “Tavryz” and “Tawri” are used.
Tabriz, has been one of the longest capitals during the history. It was the capital of Iran during the Atabakan, Khwarazmian Dynasty, Ilkhanate, Kara Koyunlu, Ak Qoyunlu and Safavid Dynasty. Tabriz was the residence center of crown princes in Qajar era. It is worth mentioning that uuring Ghazan Khan Era, who came into power in 1295, the city reached to its highest splendor. While Tabriz was the capital of Safavid kings (1501 – 1551), it was considered as the 5th largest city of the world.
Tabriz flourished again during the Qajar period, so that in this period this city was known as one of the most important and most progressive cities pf Iran. In the contemporary time, this city has been one of the most important economic and industrial centers in the country as well as the last two centuries, the source of many social cultural and industrial developments. It prevented the failure of Constitutional Revolution in Iran and played a key role in Iran’s Islamic revolution and modernization process of the country later on.
Tabriz weather is categorized as steppe dry with hot summers and cold winters. The winters, are influenced by the high altitudes and the topography of the mountainous region. It is dry and hot in the summer, but because of the city’s proximity to Mount Sahand and large gardens around the city the temperature shall be adjusted.
Top Tourist Attractions:
Bazaar of Tabriz, Shanb Ghazan, Azerbaijan Museum, Amir Nezam House, Eynali Mountain Range, Blue Mosque, Arg of Tabriz, Museum of Ostad Bohtouni, El-Gölü, Constitution House of Tabriz, Measure museum, Haidarzadeh house, Tabriz Museum of Natural History, Shahgoli Luna Park, Istambul Gateway and etc.The gallery was not found!