Qazvin is one of the 31 provinces of Iran and is located in the northwestern part of the country. Having only 1 percent of the country’s area it is contributing nearly 5 percent of the total economy of Iran. The province has an area of about 15, 820 square kilometers and is neighbor to the provinces of Mazandaran, Gilan, Hamedan, Zanjan, Markazi and Tehran. This province is one of the historical provinces of Iran and contains many historical monuments and 11 percent of the country’s National Registered Historical monuments are located in Qazvin province so it ranks first in Iran, in this respect. The province is one of the seismic provinces of Iran. The current population of Qazvin is approximately 600,000 persons.
Qazvin Province is one of the major producers of hazelnuts, pistachios, Cornelian cherry (tree), Grapes and raisins in Iran.
The ancient Greek writings introduced Qazvin as “Razhya” and then in European writings was it noticed as the ancient city “Rsas” or “Rsasya”. Parthian used to name Qazvin after the name of its founder “Ardpa” and Sassanian named the city “Kashvyn” (the land that should not be missed/ignored). In some versions, the name of the city is “Qasvyn” (the city where the people are full of strength and firm). However, the historians and archaeologists of the present era believe that Qazvin originates from “Caspian” and is the Arabic word of “Caspian”. They believe that Caspians were the people who lived on the shores of the Caspian Sea and moved over and founded the city of Qazvin. That’s why the in old Ottoman and Arabic texts the “Caspian Sea” is mentioned as “Bahr al-Qazvin” which literally means the Sea of Qazvin.
Hundreds of ancient hills have been identified in Qazvin region and Sagzabad Hill has been know as the very early settlement of Iran, 9000 years ago.
Referring to the historical documents the construction of Qazvin is attributed to Shapur II of Sassanid Dynasty. In 1090, Ismaili state was founded in Qazvin with capturing the impregnable fortress of Alamut , and the their reign continued up to 1256. Ismailis command center was the city of Qazvin, and their major activity was fighting against Abbasid caliphs and the Mongol tribes. Hassan Sabah as the prominent ruler of Ismailis could extend his power to the current Syria with extensive advertising among the poor farmers in the basin. Finally, after 200 years of Ismaili government-ship, Ismaili state was destroyed by Holagu Khan in the invasion of Mongolians.
Tahmasp II from Safavid Dynasty in 1546 chose Qazvin as the capital because of the close proximity of the city of Tabriz to Ottoman borders and its vulnerability as well as being far from Khorasan and continuous invasions of the Uzbeks. Qazvin remained the capital until 1597 (for half a century).
Due to geographical diversity, Qazvin Province’s climate is varied. Mountainous north of the province has cold weather in the winter and in the summer the climate is mild. Qazvin’s plain areas has cold winters and hot and dry summers.
Top Tourist Attractions:
Chehel Sotun, Carvanserai of Sa’d al-Saltaneh, The City Museum, Imamzadeh Hossein Holy Shrine, Qajar Bathhouse and Anthropology museum, Aminiha Hosseiniyeh, Salehiyeh Mosque and School, Eltefatieh Religious School, Hotel Iran, Sepah Street (the 1st street in Iran), Ancient Jameh Mosque of Qazvin, Cistern of Sardr-e Bozorg and etc.
The uncharted land of Alamut is located in this province.The gallery was not found!