Kermanshah

Kermanshah with an area of approximately 8547 square kilometer is the center of Kermanshah province with great strategic importance. The distance of Kermanshah to the Khosravi border (Iraq), to the center of Kurdestan province, to the center of Hamedan province and to the center of Lorestan province with slight difference is almost the same. The city is located in the vast and fertile plains of Mahidasht close to Ghar-e Su river which is in a certain geographical position. This has made Kermanshah a very productive agricultural land. 

Kermanshah is the seventh largest city in Iran; after Tehran, Mash’had, Shiraz, Esfahan, Tabriz and Ahvaz. It’s population is over 1 million persons. Kermanshah is the center of the West of Iran and the Kurdish towns metropolis. Kermanshah’s one of the Historical and cultural cities of Iran and due to its placement at the intersection of two axes (north to south and west to east), as well as proximity to Iraq is of extraordinary significance.

History:

Kermanshah is one of the most important areas of Iran and West Asia for the the human prehistoric settlement. The oldest artifacts discovered in Kermanshah dates back to Old Paleolithic, including several stone hand axes in the area of Gakiyeh in Harisin. These discovered artifacts are at least 200 thousand years old. Some important artifacts were discovered in the caves of Kermanshah relating to Paleolithic era and correspondent to the period of the Middle Paleolithic, Neo-Paleolithic.

Historically, Taq-e Bostan was a gateway of Asia to the plains of Mesopotamia in ancient time.The reason for this claim is provided in historical writtings.

After the invasion of Arabs to Iran, Kermanshah was completely destroyed and couldn’t get back its ancient glory.  And again in the 7th century, it was destroyed and damaged by the Mongolians. Hulago Khan en route to conquer Baghdad, ruined Kermanshah. Timur was the next whom invaded Kermanshah in the next century. In the Savaid era, Kermanshah was under the dominance of Ottomon Empire for some time and in the other times was ruled by the kings of Safavid. It continued until the Treaty of Zuhab in which caused peace returning to Kermanshah.

In the Afsharid era, due to the situation of Nader sha‘s Artillery in this city, the importance of Kermanshad was increased. It was the frontier of the war against Ottoman Empire until the death of Nader Shah, which Karim khan-e Zand flamed his dominance on the city. It was when the first period of Kermanshah’s development began.

The second period of political and social growth and attention was in Qajar Dynasty. In this era,, Kermanshah was rebuilt again. Kermanshah city played an important role at the beginning of the Constitutional Revolution. Kermanshah, in the First and Second World War was occupied by the foreign powers and the city was also badly damaged during the Holy Defense (the war between Iran and Iraq).

Weather:

Because of Kermansha’s location which is on the hills of Behisotun and Sefid Mountain ranges, the weather of this city is semi-arid and cool. Kermanshah’s climate is warm and temperate. The winters are rainy with the annual 437 mm rainfall. 13.3 °C is the average annual temperature in Kermanshah.

Top Tourist Attractions:

Taq-e Bostan, Quri Qaleh Cave, Museum of Anthropology, Temple of Anahita, Zagros Paleolithic Museum, City of Games, Moaven Almolk Tekiye, Biglar Beigi Tekiye, Behisotun Mountain, Traditional Bazaars, Emad al-Dowleh Mosque, Shafei Mosque, Sarab-e Nilufar Village and etc.

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Kermanshah
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