Esfahan province with an area of 105 937 square kilometers is located in the center of Iran and from the north is neighboring Qom,Semnan and Markazi Provinces and from the south to Fars and Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad provinces. From the east to Khorasan and Yazd provinces and also from the west to Lorestan and Chahar Mahal and Bakhtiari. Esfahan city is the Center of Esfahan province. Esfahan’s approximate population is 1,900,000 persons.
Esfahan was the capital of Iran in Parthian Era and it was under the influene of Espuheran or the seven memebers of Khandan-e Bozorg. After Islam until the early fourth century, Esfahan was dominated by Arabs and was considered greatly at the time of Al-Mansur the second Abbasid caliph. In 931 Mardavij, the establisher of Ziyarid و , dynasty selected Esfahan as the capital, while Rukn al-Dawla from Buyid Dynasty chose Esfahan as the capital as well. Toghrul from Seljuk dynasty conquered this city in 1051. In Seljuk era many buildings, mosques and several pavilions were built in Esfahan. In 1241 it got under the rule of Mongols and after the returning of Mongolian army the city was again prospered but suffered great damage during the Tamerlane
By choosing this city as the capital of Shah Abbas Safavid era in the year 1591, the city began to flourish again. After Shah Abbas, his successors created palaces and gardens and the town of Farah-abad. By the fall of Safavid Dynasty by Mahmoud Afghan, the city was lead to its declination but was prospered again during Afshar dynasty. During Zand and Qajar era, the nation’s capital was transferred to Shiraz and Tehran respectively so that the civil flow of the city was relatively stopped. During the Pahlavi era the industrial development of the city began. During the past two decades the city has been developed and interesting renovations of Esfahan have made the city one of the most known touristic cities in Iran and the world.
Esfahan province has generally a dry and temperate climate. The maximum temperature and minimum temperature in the hottest days of summer and in the coldest days of winter are respectively 6/40 6/10 ° C degrees and the average temperature is recorded as 7/16 ° C degrees . The number of frosty days is 76 and the average annual precipitation has been reported as 9/116 mm. Esfahan city’s weather is outstanding and the city has regular seasons which the beginning and the end of each season is evidently clear.
Top Tourist Attractions:
Nagsh-e Jahan Square, Khaju Bridge, Chehel Sotun, Menar Jonban, Hasht Behesht, Si-o-seh Pol, Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque, Imam Mosque, Vank Cathedral, Fire temple of Esfahan, Chahrvagh School, Joubi Bridge, Ali Gholi Agha Hammam, Esfahan Music Museum, Contemporary Arts Museum and etc.The gallery was not found!