Behistun is also called Bisotun, Bisutun and Bistun with the meaning of “the place of God” in old Persian is a multilingual inscription which is located on mount Behistun near Kermanshah in the west of Iran. It is 15 meters high, 25 meters wide and 100 meters up on a limestone cliff.
Authored by the order of Darius the great as the king of Persian Empire sometimes between his coronation of 522 B.C and his death of 486 B.C, the cuneiform of the inscription begins with the autobiography of Darius, including his ancestry and lineage. It is followed by a sequence of events after the death of Cyrus the great and Cambysses II in which Darius was engaged in 19 battles before proclaiming himself as the king
The inscription was illustrated by a life-sized bas-relief of Darius I, the Great, holding a bow as a sign of kingship, with his left foot on the chest of a figure who seems to be the pretender Gaumata. Darius is attended to the left by two servants, and nine one-meter figures stand to the right, with hands tied and rope around their necks, representing conquered peoples. Faravahar floats above, giving his blessing to the king.
Other historic monuments in Behistun area are related to several Dynasties in the history of Iran and are as follow; Hunters’ cave, Median remnants, Achaemenians’ remnants, Seleucid remnants, Parthian remnants, Sassanian remnants, lkhanid caravansery and Safavid remnants.